The 3 K's of training

The 3 K's of training

Training in Shotokan Karate focuses on development and practice in 3 key elements called Kihon, Kata and Kumite. 

These 3 areas all work together to give you a well balanced training program, and a demonstrated proficiency in each of these areas is required for progression to the next level.

Here is a short description of how we approach kihon, kata and kumite training at North Sydney Dojo.

Kihon (basics)

Kihon can be described as isolating the learning, development and practice of the techniques and skills needed for kata and kumite.

Kihon training generally consists of: 

  • stances, position and posture
  • hand techniques such as blocks, punches and strikes
  • foot techniques such as kicks, and foot sweeps

Kihon training comes in many forms, and is adjusted to the abilities and levels of experience in the group, so that each session meets the needs of the group.

Kata (forms)



Kata are specific techniques performed in a pre-set combination requiring movement in different directions, whilst executing hand and/or foot tehcniques . Karate-ka should perform kata with the same spirit and awareness as needed to defend themselves.

With consistent practice of kata, the karate-ka develops focus, awareness, of breathing, and timing of techniques which can then be applied in sparring (kumite). 

We practice the kata's in the Shotokan Karate International Australia (SKIA) system, based on the teachnings and philosophy of Soke Kanazawa.



Kumite (sparring)

Kumite involves applying all the skills learned and practiced (in kihon and kata) in defensive and attacking scenarios against a partner (opponent) in a safe and controlled environment. Kumite training consists of free sparring and pre-set combinations. 

The SKIA syllabus introduces kumite in a stepped approach, leading to complex combinations and free sparring (jiyu kumite).

At North Sydney Dojo, we practice the SKIA syllabus whilst adding a broader experience with the inclusion of open skill exercises to enhance development of reaction, speed and instinct. 

Free sparring is always done with protective equipment, and under the supervision of experienced instructors.



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